The last woolly mammoths became extinct on Wrangel Island merely 3,700 years ago. They had survived on the island 6000 years longer than on the mainland. Even though the mammoth – like other ice age animals – is extinct we can still learn a lot about it.
In Siberia and Alaska there are still lots of dead, frozen mammoths in the ground. There are plenty of possibilities to gather blood samples, stomach content, bowel content and even whole organs from the animals. This gives information about what the mammoths ate, how they digested the food and much more. They can even find their genetic material, the DNA. Certainly one day we will be able to recreate a mammoth from this DNA.