The ice age epoch has had a big influence on how Denmark has looked like in the majority of the last 2,6 million years. It has been a Denmark that time after time has been frozen and covered by tundra or kilometre thick ice, which each time has rearranged the landscape until it looked like the Denmark, we know today.

The last ice age was called the Weichselian glaciation. it lasted approximately 1000,000 years. The ice only covered Denmark in periods of a couple of thousand years at a time. In the majority of the period, the country was free of ice, and the Southwestern part of Jutland was actually not covered in ice during the last ice age.

Geology and landscape

In the ice age it was 10-15 degrees colder than it is today, and therefore the landscape looked different than today. The plants were also different.

The ice front line

The Mammoth Steppe

Plants

Traces of the ice age

Glacial Erratics

Man

There were not a lot of humans. The reindeer hunters did however set up camp in Denmark in periods to bring reindeer home.

Reindeer hunters

Animals

The was a rich animal life during the ice age. One could meet the large mammoth but also small animals like snow bunting and beetles.

European saber-toothed cat

Cave bear

Cave hyena

Irish elk

Reindeer

Straight-tusked elephant

Snowy owl

Woolly mammoth

Woolly rhinoceros

Aurochs